Gum disease in its early stage, also called gingivitis, causes irritation and swelling in the gum area at the base of your teeth. It is usually caused by plaque accumulation due to poor dental hygiene. Age and oral habits are common factors linked to gum disease development.
When gingivitis is not treated, it could develop into periodontitis, where the inner layer of the gum and bone pulls away from the teeth. In time, the pockets that collect debris may become infected. Treatment for both gingivitis and periodontitis will depend on the extent of the decay.
Gingivitis is an early stage of periodontal disease that causes irritation and swelling in the gum area at the base of your teeth. It is usually caused by plaque accumulation due to poor dental hygiene. Advanced age and poor oral habits are common factors linked to gingivitis development.
Treatment for gingivitis varies depending on your specific case and the extent of gum decay. Once your doctor has reviewed your case, your treatment may include the following options:
Periodontitis is an infection that damages the soft and hard tissue that surrounds the teeth. In its mild form, called gingivitis, the gum area becomes swollen and irritated.
If the disease is not stopped at the gingivitis stage, the gums and bone surrounding the tooth will eventually start to recede, exposing the dental root and leading to tooth loss. After evaluating your dental health, your doctor may recommend one of the following treatment options: